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Background Academy of American Poets America.gov: Books American Authors CD • American Writers (C-Span)Arts in America: Literature (IIP) CDBookWire(Bowker)Contemporary U.S. Literature: A Multicultural Perspective (IIP) CDInfoPlease - The Year in PublishingModern American Poetry: Online Journal & Companion khổng lồ Anthology of Modern American Poetry (University of Illinois) Multicultural Literature in the United States Today (America.gov, Feb. 2009) NEW National Book FoundationThành Phố New York Times Book Review New York review of BooksOutline of American Literature (IIP)PBS Arts - Literature PEN - American CenterPerspectives on American Literature: Retìm kiếm & Reference Guide (California State University Stanislaus)Poetry và American Memory (Atlantic Monthly) Poets và Writers Publishers WeeklyPulitzer Prize A Sense of Place: Regional American Literature (IIP) CD

Original Documents American Folklore Net American Verse Project (University of Michigan) Atlantic Unbound (The Atlantic Monthly Online - Fiction) Baldwin Online Children"s Literature Project - Bringing Yesterday"s Classics khổng lồ Today"s Children Documenting the American South (University of North Carolina) Elements of Style (Bartleby)Online Books Page (University of Pennsylvania)Online Children"s Literature (University of Calgary)Online Library of Electronic Texts (University of Virginia)Poet at Work - Walt Whitman Notebooks 1850-1860s (American Memory - Library of Congress)Writers on AmericaThe Zora Neale Hurston Plays (American Memory - Library of Congress)

Exhibits - Digital Images America in Caricature: 1765-1865 (University of Indiana) The Beats and Beyond: Counterculture Poetry, 1950-75 (University of North Carolina) Censored: Wielding the Red Pen (University of Virginia)Drawing from Life - Caricatures and Cartoons (Smithsonian Institution Libraries)Drop Me off in Harlem - Exploring the Harlem Renaissance (ArtsEdge - Kennedy Center)Herblock"s History: Political Cartoons from the Crash to the Millennium (Library of Congress)Language of the Land - Journeys Inlớn Literary America (Library of Congress)Mark Twain at Large: His Travels Here & Abroad (University of California, Berkeley)The 19th Century in Print: The Making of America in Books and Periodicals (American Memory, Library of Congress)The Psychedelic "60s: Literary Tradition and Social Change (University of Virginia)Rave sầu Reviews: Bestselling Fiction in America (University of Virginia)Revising Himself - Walt Whitman và Leaves of Grass (Library of Congress)Sunday School Books (American Memory, Library of Congress)

Statistics Reading on the Rise (National Endowment for the Arts, Jan. 2009) NEW Multitruyền thông Meet the Writers (Barnes và Noble)

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Outline of American Literature (IIP)

American literature begins with the orally transmitted myths, legends, tales, and lyrics (always songs) of Indian cultures. There was no written literature aý muốn the Indian cultures. The earliest American writings were concerned directly with the dream of a new world, và mostly accounts of pioneering motives và settlements were published.

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Regional literature has always been important in the United States. Until the over of the 19th century, American literature was dominated by the works of New Englanders, such as Cotton Mather. Sermons & religious tracts provided the greachạy thử part of the writing. The Puritan definition of good writing was that which brought trang chủ a full awareness of the importance of worshipping God and of the spiritual dangers that the soul faced. Purirã style varied enormously -- from complex metaphysical poetry khổng lồ homely journals và religious history.

The 18th-century American Enlightenment was a movement marked by an emphasis on rationality rather than tradition, scientific inquiry instead of unquestioning religious dogma, và representative government in place of monarchy. Enlightenment thinkers & writers were devoted to lớn the iđơn hàng of justice, liberty, & eunique as the natural rights of man. Benjamin Franklin, whom the Scottish philosopher David Hume called America"s "first great man of letters," embodied the Enlightenment igiảm giá khuyến mãi of humane rationality.

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The Romantic movement reached America around the year 18đôi mươi. In America as in Europe, fresh new vision electrified artistic and intellectual circles. Yet there was an important difference: Romanticism in America coincided with the period of national expansion & the discovery of a distinctive sầu American voice. The solidification of a national identity & the surging idealism và passion of Romanticism nurtured masterpieces by authors such as Ralph Walvày Emerson và Henry David Thoreau.

In the second half of the 19th century, the United States was transformed inlớn a modern, industrial nation. As industrialization grew, so did alienation. Characteristic American novels of the period, for example by Stephen Crane and Jaông xã London, depict the damage of economic forces & alienation on the weak or vulnerable individual. Survivors, like Mark Twain"s Huông xã Finn, endure through inner strength involving kindness, flexibility, and, above sầu all, individuality.

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Although American prose between the two World Wars experimented with viewpoint & form, Americans such as Ernest Hemingway, wrote more realistically, on the whole, than did Europeans. William Faulkner phối his powerful southern novels firmly in Mississippi heat và dust. The importance of facing reality became a dominant theme in the 1920s và 1930s: Writers such as F. Scott Fitzgerald repeatedly portrayed the tragedy awaiting those who live sầu in flimsy dreams.

Narrative since World War II resists generalization: It is extremely various and multifaceted. It has been vitalized by international currents such as European existentialism và Latin American magical realism. The biggest transformation has been the ascendancy of a new generation of highly ambitious writers who are attuned to our collective arrival in a hypercomplex & polyglot info-culture. The best known of these is probably novemenu Jonathan Franzen, whose The Corrections, rode the 2001 best-seller lists for many months.

The poetry scene is configured by a similar plurality of modes, but what feels lượt thích abundance and variety in the world of fiction feels lớn many poets lượt thích a frustrating balkanization. A few years ago, the major division of camps was between the "formalists" and exponents of various kinds of "free" verse. The situation feels somewhat different now, with the split coming more between poets who use language in referential ways -- pointing out at our comtháng world -- và those for whom language is its own self-created realm.

The Nobel Prize for Literature has been awarded to nine Americans: Sinclair Lewis, Eugen O"Neill, Pearl Buck, William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbechồng, Saul Bellow, Isaac Bashevis Singer & Toni Morrison.

For High School Students Common Sense Media: Entertainment Đánh Giá for Kids and FamiliesInternet Public Library: Kidspace - Reading ZoneInternet Public Library: Teenspace - Reading và Writing Teacher Resources Discoveryschool.com: Lesson Plans Library Literature Electronic Archives for Teaching American Literature (Georgetown University)Ethniđô thị and Dissent in American Literature và Art (Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute) Lesson Plans: Literature/Poetry (Library of Congress) Online Poetry Classroom (Academy of American Poets) Poem 180: a Poem a Day for American High Schools (Library of Congress) PBS for T eachers: American Literature (PBS)

Link Lists Internet Public Library: Book Resources Internet Public Library: Literary CriticismInternet Public Library: Native sầu American Authors Jachồng Kerouac và Beat SitesLiterary Resources on the Net Science Fiction và Fantasy Research Database Underground Coset Database (California Polytechnic State University Library, Michael Moore Special Collection)WritersNet Book Notes Classic NotesFree Book NotesSpark Notes Yahoo: Literature Study Guides


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