Ap english sample essays

Attention:This post was written a few years ago và may not reflect the lachạy thử changes in the AP® program. We are gradually updating these posts và will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Thank you for your patience!

Before the exam, you should know how khổng lồ construct a clear, organized essay that defends a focused clalặng about the work under analysis. You must write a brief introduction that includes the thesis statement, followed by body paragraphs that further the thesis statement with detailed, thorough support, và a short concluding paragraph that reiterates and reinforces the thesis statement without repeating it. Clear organization, specific tư vấn, và full explanations or discussions are three critical components of high-scoring essays.

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You may know already how to lớn approach the prose analysis, but don’t forget khổng lồ keep the following in mind coming into the exam:

Carefully read, reviews, & underline key to-do’s in the prompt. Briefly outline where you’re going lớn hit each prompt vật phẩm — in other words, pencil out a specific order.Be sure you have sầu a clear thesis that includes the terms mentioned in the instructions, literary devices, tone, and meaning.Include the author’s name and title of the prose selection in your thesis statement. Refer to lớn characters by name.Use quotes — lots of them — lớn exemplify the elements and your argument points throughout the essay. Fully explain or discuss how your examples support your thesis. A deeper, fuller, and more focused explanation of fewer elements is better than a shallow discussion of more elements (shotgun approach).Avoid vague, general statements or merely summarizing the plot instead of clearly focusing on the prose passage itself.Use transitions to lớn connect sentences và paragraphs.Write in the present tense with generally good grammar.Keep your introduction & conclusion short, và don’t repeat your thesis verbatim in your conclusion.Analyze the complex relationship between the two characters Hardy portrays in the passage.Pay attention to tone, word choice, and detail selection.Write a well-written essay.

For a clear understanding of the components of a Mã Sản Phẩm essay, you’ll find it helpful lớn analyze và compare all three sample answers provided by the CollegeBoard: the high scoring (A) essay, the mid-range scoring (B) essay, and the low scoring (C) essay. All three provide a lesson for you: lớn achieve sầu a nine on the prose analysis essay, Mã Sản Phẩm the ‘A’ essay’s strengths & avoid the weaknesses of the other two.

Start with a Succinct Introduction that Includes Your Thesis Statement

The first sample essay (A) begins with a packed first sentence: the title of the work, author, named characters, và the subject alluded to in the prompt that will size the foundation of the upcoming argument — the strained relationship between father và daughter. Then, after summarizing the context of the passage — that tense relationship — the student quotes relevant phrases (“lower-class”, “verbal aggressions”) that depict the behavior and character of each.

By packing each sentence efficiently with details (“uncultivated”, “hypocritical”) on the way to the thesis statement, the writer controls the argument by folding in only the relevant details that tư vấn the claim at the over of the introduction: though reunited physically, father and daughter remain separated emotionally. The writer wastes no words and quickly directs the reader’s focus to lớn the characters’ words & actions that define their estranged relationship. From the facts cited, the writer’s clalặng or thesis is logical.


The mid-range B essay introduction also mentions the title, author, và relationship (“strange relationship”) that the instructions direct the writer to examine. However, the student neither names the characters nor identifies what’s “strange” about the relationship. The essay needs more specific details lớn clarify the complexity in the relationship. Instead, the writer merely hints at that complexity by stating father & daughter “try to become closer to each other’s expectations”. There’s no immediately clear correlation between the “reunification” & the expectations. Finally, the student wastes time & space in the first two sentences with a vague platitude for an “ice breaker” to lớn start the essay. It serves no other function.


The third sample lacks cohesiveness, focus, and a clear thesis statement. The first paragraph introduces the writer’s feelings about the characters và how the elements in the story helped the student analyze, both irrelevant to the điện thoại tư vấn of the instructions. The introduction gives no details of the passage: no name, title, characters, or relationship. The thesis statement is shallow–the daughter was better off before she reunited with her father–as it doesn’t even hint at the complexity of the relationship. The writer merely parrots the prompt instructions about “complex relationship” & “speaker’s tone, word choice, và selection of detail”.


In sum, make introductions brief & compact. Use specific details from the passage that support a logical thesis statement which clearly directs the argument và addresses the instructions’ requirements. Succinct writing helps. Pachồng your introduction with specific excerpt details, và don’t waste time on sentences that don’t bởi vì the work ahead for you. Be sure the thesis statement covers all of the relevant facts of the passage for a cohesive argument.

Use Clear Examples lớn Support Your Argument Points

The A answer supports the thesis by qualifying the relationship as unhealthy in the first sentence. Then the writer includes the quoted examples that contrast what one would expect characterizes a father-daughter relationship — joyous, blessing, support, praise — against the reality of Henchard and Elizabeth’s relationship: “enigma”, “coldness”, & “open chiding”.

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These & other details in the thorough first toàn thân paragraph leave sầu nothing for the reader khổng lồ misunderst&. The essayist proves the paragraph’s main idea with numerous examples. The author controls the first argument point that the relationship is unhealthy by citing excerpted words và actions of the two characters demonstrating the father’s aggressive sầu disapproval và the daughter’s earnestness & shame.

The second and third body paragraphs not only add more proof of the strained relationship in the well-chosen example of the handwriting incident but also explore the underlying motives of the father. In suggesting the father has good intentions despite his outward hostility, the writer proposes that Henchard wants lớn elevate his long-lost daughter. Henchard’s declaration that handwriting “with bristling characters” defines refinement in a woman both diminishes Elizabeth and reveals his silent hope for her, according lớn the essayist. This contradiction clearly proves the relationship is “complex”.


The mid-range sample also cites specific details: the words Elizabeth changes (“fay” for “succeed”) for her father. These details are supposed to support the point that class difference causes conflict between the two. However, the writer leaves it lớn the reader to lớn make the connection between class, expectations, & word choices. The example of the words Elizabeth eliminates from her vocabulary does not illustrate the writer’s point of class conflict. In fact, the class difference as the cause of their difficulties is never explicitly stated. Instead, the writer makes general, unsupported statements about Hardy’s focus on the language difference without saying why Hardy does that.


Like the A essay, sample C also alludes lớn the handwriting incident but only khổng lồ note that the mô tả tìm kiếm of Henchard turning red is something the reader can imagine. In fact, the writer gives other examples of sensitive và serious tones in the passage but then doesn’t completely explain them. None of the details noted refer khổng lồ a particular point that supports a focused paragraph. The details don’t connect. They’re merely a string of details.

Discussion is Crucial to Connect Your Quotes và Examples lớn Your Argument Points

Rather than merely citing phrases & lines without explanation, as the C sample does, the A response spends time thoroughly discussing the meaning of the quoted words, phrases, and sentences used lớn exemplify their assertions. For example, the third paragraph begins with the point that Henchard’s attempts lớn elevate Elizabeth in order lớn better integrate her into the mayor’s “lifestyle” actually vì her a disservice. The student then quotes descriptive sầu phrases that characterize Elizabeth as “considerate”, notes her successfully fulfilling her father’s expectations of her as a woman, and concludes that success leads to lớn her failure khổng lồ get them closer — lớn un-estrange hyên.

The A sample writer follows the same pattern throughout the essay: assertion, example, explanation of how the example & assertion cohere, tying both into the thesis statement. Weaving the well-chosen details inlớn the discussion lớn make reasonable conclusions about what they prove sầu is the formula for an orderly, coherent argument. The writer starts each paragraph with a topic sentence that supports the thesis statement, followed by a sentence that explains và supports the topic sentence in furtherance of the argument.

On the other hvà, the B response begins the second paragraph with a general topic sentence: Hardy focuses on the differences between the daughter’s behavior và the father’s expectations. The next sentence follows up with examples of the words Elizabeth changes, leading to lớn the broad conclusion that class difference causes clashes. They give no explanation to lớn connect the behavior — changing her words — with how the diction reveals class differences exists. Nor does the writer explain the motivations of the characters to demonstrate the role of class distinction và expectations. The student forces the reader lớn make the connections.

Similarly, in the second example of the handwriting incident, the student sets out lớn prove sầu Elizabeth’s independence và conformity conflict. However, the writer spends too much time re-telling the writing episode — who said what — only khổng lồ vaguely conclude that 19th-century gender roles dictated the dominant & submissive roles of father and daughter, resulting in the loss of Elizabeth’s independence. The writer doesn’t make those connections between gender roles, dominance, handwriting, & lost freedom. The cause and effect of the handwriting humiliation to the loss of independence are never made.

Write a Brief Conclusion

While it’s more important to provide a substantive sầu, organized, and clear argument throughout the toàn thân paragraphs than it is khổng lồ conclude, a conclusion provides a satisfying rounding out of the essay và last opportunity to lớn hammer trang chính the content of the preceding paragraphs. If you run out of time for a conclusion because of the thorough preceding paragraphs, that is not as fatal lớn your score as not concluding or not concluding as robustly as the A essay sample.

The A response not only provides another example of the father-daughter inverse relationship — the more he helps her fit in, the more estranged they become — but also ends where the writer began: though they’re physically reunited, they’re still emotionally separated. Without repeating it verbatim, the student returns lớn the thesis statement at the over. This return và recap reinforce the focus and control of the argument when all of the preceding paragraphs successfully proved the thesis statement.


The B response nicely ties up the points necessary to lớn satisfy the prompt had the writer made them clearly. The parting remarks about the inverse relationship building up và breaking down to lớn characterize the complex relationship between father và daughter are intriguing but not well-supported by all that came before them.


Write in Complete Sentences with Proper Punctuation và Compositional Skills

Though pressed for time, it’s important to lớn write an essay with crisp, correctly punctuated sentences and properly spelled words. Svào compositional skills create a favorable impression khổng lồ the reader, like using appropriate transitions or signals (however, therefore) to lớn tie sentences and paragraphs together, and making the relationships between sentences clear (“also” — adding information, “however” — contrasting an idea in the preceding sentence).

Starting each paragraph with a clear, focused topic sentence that pĐánh Giá the main idea or focus of the paragraph helps you the writer và the reader keep trachồng of each part of your argument. Each section furthers your points on the way lớn convincing your reader of your argument. If one point is unclear, unfocused, or grammatically unintelligible, lượt thích a house of cards, the entire argument crumbles. Excellent compositional skills help you lay it all out neatly, clearly, và fully.

For example, the A response begins the essay with “In this passage from Thomas Hardy”. The second sentence follows with “Throughout the passage” to tie the two sentences together. There’s no question that the two thoughts liên kết by the transitional phrases that repeat & reinforce one another as well as direct the reader’s attention. The B response, however, uses transitions less frequently, confuses the names of the characters, and switches verb tenses in the essay. It’s harder khổng lồ follow.

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So by the time the conclusion takes the reader home page, the high-scoring writer has done all of the following:

followed the prompt followed the propounded thesis statement & returned khổng lồ it in the endprovided a full discussion with examplesincluded quotes proving each assertion used clear, grammatically correct sentences wrote paragraphs ordered by a thesis statement created topic sentences for each paragraphensured each topic sentence furthered the ideas presented in the thesis statement

Have sầu a Plan and Follow it

Be sure lớn leave sầu time for a brief Đánh Giá khổng lồ catch mechanical errors, missing words, or clarifications of an unclear thought. With time, an organized approach, & plenty of practice, earning a nine on the poetry analysis is manageable. Be sure lớn ask your teacher or consult other resources, lượt thích khudothi-kingbay.com’s Prose Analysis practice essays, for questions & more practice opportunities.

Chuyên mục: literature