A handbook of critical approaches to literature

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An essential guide khổng lồ the most useful critical approaches to literature--applied lớn the same six classic works




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Description

Ranging from traditional approaches to lớn the most contemporary perspectives, such as feminist và gender studies, cultural studies, & postcolonial studies, A Handbook of Critical Approaches khổng lồ Literature offers readers a variety of clearly articulated approaches to interpreting literature. This thoroughly updated sixth edition applies these diverse approaches khổng lồ the same six classic works--"To His Coy Miức chế," "Young Goodman Brown," "Everyday Use," Hamlet, Huckleberry Finn, và Frankenstein--in a way proven to elicit student analysis by enriching their response to lớn and understanding of the individual works and critical theory. (Andrew Marvell"s poem "To His Coy Mibít tất tay," Nathaniel Hawthorne"s story "Young Goodman Brown," và Alice Walker"s story "Everyday Use" areincluded in full within this volume.)


New khổng lồ this Edition

Three new chapters--Materialisms (Chapter 4), Literature và Linguistics (Chapter 5), & Postcolonial Studies (Chapter 10)--present some of the lademo theory và criticism, including ecocriticism, Literary Darwinism, third-wave feminism, & blaông xã maternal theory, as well as expansion of foundational topics such as MarxismExpanded discussions of film and visual texts liên kết analysis of images--such as Velázquez"s Las Meniñas (front cover) and Picasso"s interpretations of this painting--to lớn analysis of literatureSummaries of key points at chapter ends reinforce conceptsA glossary of literary terms (boldfaced at their first appearance in each chapter) helps students master & apply these terms in criticismUpdated Quiông chồng Reference sections at chapter ends reflect the lachạy thử researchA companion trang web (www.khudothi-kingbay.com.com/us/guerin) features essay assignments, self-tests, PowerPoint presentations, & helpful links


Xem thêm: Secondary Solutions The Crucible Literature Guide Answers Act 4

About the Author(s)

Wilfred L. Guerin, Professor Emeritus of English, Louisiamãng cầu State University Earle Labor, George A. Wilson Professor of American Literature, Centenary CollegeLee Morgan, Professor Emeritus of English, Centenary CollegeJeanne C. Reesman, Ashbel Smith Professor of English, University of Texas at San AntonioJohn R. Willingđắm đuối, Late, Professor Emeritus of English, University of Kansas


Xem thêm: Oxford Encyclopedia Of British Literature, Oxford Research Encyclopedia Of Literature

Table of Contents

Preface1. Getting Started: The Precritical ResponseI. Setting II. PlotIII. CharacterIV. StructureV. StyleVI. AtmosphereVII. Theme2. Traditional ApproachesI. First, a chú ý on Traditional ApproachesII. First Things First: Textual Scholarship, Genres, và Source StudyA. Textual Scholarship: Do We Have an Accurate Version of What We Are Studying? 1. General Observations 2. Text Study in PracticeB. Matters of Genre: What Are We Dealing With? 1. An Overview of Genre 2. Genre Characteristics in PracticeC. Source Study: Did Earlier Writings Help this Work Come inkhổng lồ Being?III. Historical and Biographical ApproachesA. General ObservationsB. Historical và BiographicalApproaches in Practice1. "To His Coy Mistress"2. Hamlet3. Huckleberry Finn4. "Young Goodman Brown"5. "Everyday Use"6. FrankensteinIV. Moral and Philosophical ApproachesA. General ObservationsB. Moral and Philosophical Approaches in Practice1. "To His Coy Mistress"2. Hamlet3. Huckleberry Finn4. "Young Goodman Brown"5. "Everyday Use"6. FrankensteinV. Summary of Key PointsVI. Limitations of Traditional Approaches3. The Formadanh sách ApproachI. The Process of Formalist Analysis: Making the Close ReaderII. A Brief Overview of Formadanh sách CriticismA. The Course of Half a CenturyB. Backgrounds of Formadanh mục TheoryC. The "New Criticism"D. Reader-Response Criticism: AReactionIII. Constants of the Formalist Approach: Some Key Concepts, Terms, and DevicesA. Form and Organic FormB. Texture, Image, SymbolC. FallaciesD. Point of ViewE. The Speaker"s VoiceF. Tension, Irony, ParadoxIV. The Formacác mục Approach in PracticeA. Word, Image, and Theme: Space-Time Metaphors in "To His Coy Mistress"B. The Dark, the Light, & the Pink: Ambiguity as Form in "Young Goodman Brown" 1. Virtues và Vices 2. Symbol or Allegory? 3. Loss Upon LossC. Romance and Reality, Land & River: The Journey as Repetitive sầu Form in Huckleberry FinnD. Dialectic as Form: The Trap Metaphor in Hamlet 1. The Trap Imagery 2. The Cosmological Trap 3. "Seeming" and "Being" 4."Seeing" & "Knowing"E. Irony & Narrative Voice: A Formacác mục Approach khổng lồ "Everyday Use"F. Frankenstein: A Thematic ReadingV. Summary of Key PointsVI. Limitations of the Formamenu Approach4. MaterialismsI. MarxismII. British Cultural MaterialismIII. New HistoricismIV. EcocriticismV. Literary DarwinismVI. Materialisms in PracticeA. A New History of "To His Coy Mistress"B. Hamlet"s EvolutionC. Frankenstein: The Creature as ProletarianD. "The Lore of Fiends": Hawthorne & his MarketE. Fathers & Sons, Gods & Slaves in Huckleberry FinnF. "But they"re priceless!" Material versus Exchange Value in "Everyday Use"VII. Summary of Key PointsVIII. Limitations of MaterialistApproaches5. Literature và LinguisticsI. Structuralism and Post-structuralism, Including DeconstructionA. Structuralism: Contexts & DefinitionsB. The Linguistics ModelC. Russian Formalism: Extending SaussureD. Structuralism, Levi-Strauss, and SemioticsE. French Structuralism: Coding and DecodingF. British and American InterpretersG. Post-Structuralism, DeconstructionII. DialogicsIII. Linguistic Approaches in PracticeA. Deconstructing "To His Coy Mistress"B. The Deep Structure of HamletC. Language & Discourse in FrankensteinD. Huchồng and Jim: Diaxúc tích PartnersE. "Speak of the Devil!": The Sertháng in "Young Goodman Brown"F. "Asalamalakim!" Linguistic Distortion in "Everyday Use"IV. Summary of KeyPointsV. Limitations of Linguistic Approaches6. The Psychological Approach: FreudI. Aims và PrinciplesA. Abuses và Misunderstandings of the Psychological ApproachB. Freud"s TheoriesC. Other TheoriesII. The Psychological Approach in PracticeA. Hamlet: the Oedipus ComplexB. Rebellion Against the Father in Huckleberry FinnC. Prometheus Manqué: The Monster UnboundD. "Young Goodman Brown": Id over SuperegoE. Sexual Imagery in "To His Coy Mistress"F. Morality Principle Over Pleasure Principle in "Everyday Use"III. Summary of Key PointsIV. Other Possibilities & Limitations of the Psychological Approach7. Mythological và Archetypal ApproachesI. Definitions & MisconceptionsII. Some Examples ofArchetypesA. ImagesB. Archetypal Motifs or PatternsC. Archetypes as GenresIII. Myth Criticism in PracticeA. Anthropology and Its Uses1. The Sacrificial Hero: Hamlet2. Archetypes of Time & Immortality: "To His Coy Mistress"B. Jungian Psychology và Its Archetypal Insights1. Some Special Archetypes: Shadow, Persona, & Anima2. "Young Goodman Brown": A Failure of Individuation3. Creator or Creator: Who is the Real Monster in Frankenstein?4. Syntheses of Jung and AnthropologyC. Myth Criticism và the American Dream: Huckleberry Finn as the American AdamD. "Everyday Use": The Great MotherIV. Summary of Key PointsV. Limitations of Myth Criticism8. Feminisms and Gender StudiesI. Feminisms andFeminist Literary Criticism: DefinitionsII. First-, Second-, và Third-Wave sầu FeminismsIII. The Literary Woman: Created or Constructed?A. Feminism và PsychoanalysisB. Feminists of ColorC. Marxist and Materiamenu FeminismsD. Feminist Film StudiesIV. Gender StudiesV. Feminisms and Gender Studies in PracticeA. The Marble Vault: The Mibức xúc in "To His Coy Mistress"B. Frailty, Thy Name Is Hamlet: Hamlet & WomenC. "The Workshop of Filthy Creation": Men and Women in Frankenstein1. Mary và Percy, tác giả & Editor2. Masculinity & Femininity in the Frankenstein Family3. "I Am Thy Creature. . ."D. Men, Women, & the Loss of Faith in "Young Goodman Brown"E. Women and "Sivilization" in Huckleberry Finn F. "InReal Life": Recovering the Feminine Past in "Everyday Use"VI. Summary of Key PointsVII. The Future of Feminist and Gender Studies: Some Problems & Limitations9. Cultural StudiesI. What Is (or Are) Cultural Studies?II. United States Ethnic StudiesA. African American WritersB. Latina/o WritersC. Native sầu American LiteraturesD. Asian American WritersIII. Postmodernism và Popular CultureA. PostmodernismB. Popular CultureIV. Cultural Studies in PracticeA. Two Characters in Hamlet: Marginalization with a VengeanceB. "To His Coy Mistress": Implied CultureC. From Paradise Lost to lớn Frank-N-Furter: The Creature Lives! 1. Revolutionary Births 2. "A Race of Devils"3. The Frankenpheme in PopularCulture: Fiction, Drama, Film, Television D. A Postmodern Goodman Brown E. "Telling the Truth, Mainly": Huck and Twain as TrickstersF. Cultures in Conflict: A Story Looks at Cultural Change V. Summary of Key Points VI. Limitations of Cultural Studies10. Postcolonial Studies I. Postcolonialism: Definitions II. Some Key Figures III. Postcolonial Critical PracticesA. Seventeenth-Century English Colonization and "To His Coy Mistress"B. Hamlet: Postcolonial AdaptationsC. Frankenstein: Are There Any New Worlds?D. Jim"s Superstitions in Huckleberry FinnE. Salem: A City Upon a Hill?F. The End of an Era: "Everyday Use" IV. Summary of Key PointsV. Limitations of PostcolonialStudiesEpilogueAppendix A Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress"Appendix B Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Young Goodman Brown"Appendix C Alice Walker, "Everyday Use"Glossary of Literary TermsBibliographyIndex

Chuyên mục: literature