Glossary of literary terms

Literature vocabulary is comprised of terms and concepts that are specific lớn the world of literature và literary works. This includes concepts that are used lớn 3D the style, format or plot of different works.


In modern terms an anachronism is what"s known as a "mis-fit" today. An anachronism is an object, event, custom or person that is paried with the incorrect time period.

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Since the byline gives credit to lớn the writer for his work, most writers usually prefer to seek work that promises them a byline. The alternative sầu would be for the newspaper and/or agency to simply credit the nội dung to lớn the "staff" in general, or to publish the material anonymously. Writers may also sometimes have reason for seeking khổng lồ avoid a byline, in the sự kiện that their work (for example) does not fit well with their desired public protệp tin.


Cacophony is usually used lớn describe a mixture of sounds that is not pleasing to lớn the ear; therefore, it generally has a negative sầu connotation. Within certain genres or traditions of music, though, such as experimental, modern, & metal music, cacophony may be intentionally produced in order lớn create the specific aesthetic effect associated with the harshness and dissonance itself.


The term canon is generally used in an exclusionary sense: that is, it is meant lớn differentiate between what is & is not a genuine part of a given canon. The canon can refer to lớn either works that have been definitely written by a given author, as opposed to spuriously attributed khổng lồ hlặng. It can also refer to lớn a collection of works that are considered central, as opposed to peripheral, to lớn a given cultural tradition.


The purpose of a caption is always to clarify the meaning of an image. For example, within the context of a scholarly paper, a caption is often used khổng lồ explain what is represented in the data of a chart of graph. The title of a photograph or painting can also serve sầu as a caption, insofar as it tells the viewer what the image is about. This can be especially valuable in more abstract works of art.


The term catharsis is important for understanding the emotional experience of the audience when experiencing a narrative sầu work of art. In general, such a work is considered aesthetically good if it is able lớn bring themes và plots lớn a resolution in such a way that the audience is able khổng lồ experience this emotional release. However, catharsis may sometimes intentionally be denied for the sake of that very aesthetic effect.


Character count is a relatively self-explanatory concept, referring as it does to the number of characters in a piece of text. The rise of computers surely contributed khổng lồ the concept, however, insofar as it would be both difficult & pointless khổng lồ manually tabulate a character count. Although it has some specialized uses, character count is generally far less commonly used than word count or page count.


Most people can recognize a clibịt by the fact that they feel like groaning when they hear one. A clibít is a saying or phrase that has been so overused that it has lost all meaning. However, it is important khổng lồ bear in mind that a clibịt develops over time. When it was first invented, a cliche was probably just an aphorism; it only became a clibịt because of thoughtless overuse by too many people.


The words within a given piece of text constitute the type of contentfor that piece of text. Content is generally produced by writers for the sake of a specified purpose. For example, a marketer may need nội dung written about one of his products, and he may hire a writer to produce that content. The term content has become especially relevant within the context of the information economy, where it refers to lớn the "product" delivered by a writer.



A couplet consists of two lines of verse that rhyme with each other, và which have the same meter. Rhyme means that the last sounds in each line possess a certain aural consonance, like the one between the words them and gem. Meter means the lines have sầu the same pattern of stressed và unstressed syllables. The couplet has been important to lớn poetry historically, although it is perhaps become less significant within modern prose or poetry.


The denouement is structurally important in a narrative work: it is the part where the various aspects of plot, character, and theme that have sầu been developed over the course of the work are brought together and resolved in a coherent & emotionally satisfying way. A poor denouement is usually a sign of a poorly structured work, although it can on occasion be done on purpose as well for the sake of aesthetic effect.


A dialogue is a conversation between people and/or characters. For example, within a novel, the dialogue sections would be the ones offmix by quotation marks, where the characters speak in their own voices. Likewise, dialogue is crucial lớn all plays, with dialogue only being interrupted either by chorus or soliloquy. Dialogue enables the author lớn represent social situations and enable characters lớn speak for themselves.


A discourse occurs when a one or more persons formally expound on and/or discuss a given subject in an academic or systematic way. Within the cultural movement of postmodernism, though, discourse more commonly refers to the way that people talk about a given subject. For example, one can speak of capitadanh sách discourse or feminist discourse: these are different frames of references that generally guide the possibilities of thought và discussion.


Usually, when a writer creates a work, it does not all come out perfectly at the very first attempt. So, each version of the work is called a draft. The writer generally begins by putting some words down on the page, và then s/he revises or changes the nội dung later on as s/he gains a clearer idea of what s/he is trying khổng lồ achieve. The first draft would then refer lớn the initial attempt, & the final draft would refer lớn the completed work.


When a writer or author evokes a dystopia, he is usually developing a future scenario that is based on an exacerbation of disturbing trends or themes that can be found within present-day society. As such, dystopia is especially prevalent within the genre of science fiction. For example, a writer may focus on the modern reliance on công nghệ in order lớn develop the idea of a society where people are enslaved lớn robots.


An edit is essentially a version of a work that is changed in some way from a previous version of the work. The edit could have been done khổng lồ improve general chất lượng. Or, it could have sầu also be done to suit a specific purpose, such as when a song is edited for the purposes of airing it on the radio. The term edit is also often used as a verb, in which case it simply refers to the process of producing an edit.


An electronic submission can be used to transmit a file from one person lớn another person in a secure way. Of course, this size of transfer of files arose in tandem with the Internet: before that, it would have been logistically difficult lớn transfer files in an electronic way, as opposed to lớn manually delivering the document lớn the recipient. There was admittedly faxing in the past; this can be understood as a precursor khổng lồ modern electronic submissions.


The purpose of an embargo is to lớn enable stakeholders to lớn cooperate with each other regarding the release of information to the public. For example, if a government official tells a news agency about an upcoming announcement, then an embargo can both give the agency time to prepare reports and ensure that those reports will not be released before the official is prepared to lớn make a public announcements. Such arrangements are mutually beneficial.


An epithet is generally used in order to lớn attribute a certain trait to an entire group or category of people. In modern usage, the most comtháng type of epithet has become, unfortunately, the racial slur. This is likely based on the fact that when one does attribute a characteristic khổng lồ an entire group, one usually relies on prejudices in order to do so. An epithet could technically attribute something positive to people as well, although this is far less comtháng.


The purpose of conducting an exegesis is always to lớn unearth layers of meaning within a text that may not be readily apparent khổng lồ a reader who has not been trained in the relevant critical methods or background areas of knowledge. For example, the Bible is the paradigm of a work that can be subjected to exegesis; & a person with a working knowledge of Hebrew and Greek may notice meanings in the text that the lay reader may not.


When it is said that a character has a fatal flaw, the implication is that the character is perhaps admirable và successful in other ways, but there is something within his personality that will eventually lead to lớn his downfall. The heroes of the ancient Greek dramas, for example, generally had tragic flaws. The tragic flaw is often a good trait that has turned bad as a result of being pushed to an extreme or being wrongly applied in some way.


Free verse can be meaningfully contrasted against traditional verse & blank verse. Traditional verse generally follows formal rules of both rhyme and meter; & blank verse eschews rules of both rhyme & meter, in favor of a more natural pattern that follows the cadences of the spoken word. Free verse can be understood as inbetween these, in that it maintains traditional schemes of meter while doing away with traditional schemes of rhyme.


The frontdanh mục of a publishing house consists of the new books that they have printed and are offering for sale within a season. The more common term, though, is probably the backdanh sách, which refers to books that the house has published in the past; and the term frontdanh sách likely developed simply as a complement to the term backlist. The frontdanh mục rotates over time, whereas the backmenu is cumulative.


As the name of the term suggests, the hook is designed to capture the reader"s attention and draw him inlớn the work that he is reading. This is always desirable, insofar as writing is a size of communication và its intended purpose is lớn make the reader pay attention to it. This has become especially important in recent times as a result of the wide range of material competing for attention through websites, social truyền thông, and so on.


Hubris is excessive sầu pride; & it generally leads to tragedy, due to lớn the fact that the person who has hubris generally either overestimates his own powers or underestimates the power of things outside of his control. Within the context of tragic drama, hubris is a comtháng fatal flaw: the anh hùng may been talented in many ways, but he overestimates himself và is thus overcome by fate. The ancient story of Oedipus would be a good example of this.


The purpose of a hyperbole is lớn produce an effect on the listener through the use ofexaggeration. It could be understood as a kind of joke, insofar as its meaning & effect would beruined if it is taken literally by the listener. Also, it is worth pointing out that the term hyperbolehas a secondary meaning within the context of mathematics; this has nothing lớn do with theliterary meaning that has been explicated here.


The purpose of a hypothesis is to lớn posit a testable proposition regarding the nature of the relationship between different variables. The criterion of falsification is a crucial element of the definition of a hypothesis. If a statement is formulated in such a way that it could never be shown to be false, then this would be not a hypothesis but rather a postulate. The hypothesis is thus a crucial part of the practice of science.

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Ideally, the purpose of jargon would be to enable professionals khổng lồ develop a language that they can use in order khổng lồ talk about relevant subjects with an adequate cấp độ of detail and rigor. For example, professionals use jargon in their CVs lớn increase career kinh doanh. What can happen sometimes, though, is that the jargon merely serves the purpose of keeping outsiders from understanding specialized knowledge, even when that knowledge could be expressed in a more generic way. It is thus important to lớn only use jargon when necessary.


The most characteristic element of the loop writing process is perhaps its emphasis on spontaneous writing. The student is simply to put all his thoughts down on the page, with no regard for conceptual biases or even grammatical correctness. This material is then lớn be revised later in order achieve greater unique. Spontaneous creativity, however, is at the very bottom of the entire process outlined by Elbow. This could potentially help overcome writer"s bloông chồng.


When a poet writes a lyric, he is primarily concerned with expressing his own subjectivity. This is different from the epic, where the poet aspires to lớn speak on behalf of an entire culture or nation. Moreover, in modern usage, the term lyric has largely come lớn mean the words that are sung as a part of songs in popular genres such as blues & rock. Such songs perhaps have sầu a genealogical connection with older lyric poetry.


In contradistinction with a dialogue, a monologue occurs when a character speaks at length by or khổng lồ himself and not with or lớn other characters. In general, the monologue is used within the context of dramas or novels in order lớn provide the reader with a window inlớn the character"s own thoughts. More figuratively, a monologue could also said to be taking place if a person talks lớn someone else, but without letting them get a word in.


A motif within a work of art is closely connected khổng lồ the questions that the work is trying lớn explore or the message that the work is trying to lớn communicate. The novedanh sách Kundera, for example, has a habit of titling his works after key motifs that appear within them (such as immortality). The motif grants a kind of thematic coherence lớn the work, and its recurrences also help clarify the meaning of the motif itself.


In truth, any story at all, whether fictional or non-fictional, can be identified as a narrative sầu. This universality of the concept of narrative sầu is likely related khổng lồ the fact that narrative sầu interpretation is built into lớn the very structure of the human experience of life itself. On the other h&, if modern artists attempt lớn break with the concept of narrative, then this is often because of the perception that life itself is becoming increasingly fragmented.


Onomatopoeia essentially refers lớn the process of making a word on the basis of an actual sound heard out in the world. For example, a cuckoo is called a cuckoo because it makes that sound; và the same can be said with regard khổng lồ the verb sizzle. It is possible that this is how some of the earliest words of human language were first created: through the imitation of Nature, or sounds actually heard over the course of experience.


Pathos refers lớn specifically using language in such a way that the speaker seeks to lớn appeal to lớn the emotional reactions of the audience. This can be contrasted with ethos, which appeals to the moral sensibilities of the audience, & logos, which appeals to the reason of the audience. In general, pathos is often a highly effective, but philosophically rather crude, way of getting the audience to sympathize with one"s own perspective sầu.


Plot is known as the foundation of a novel or story which the characters and settings are built around. It is meant to lớn organize information & events in a logical manner. When writing the plot of a piece of literature, the author has to be careful that it does not dominate the other parts of the story.


The definition of a pun is the use of a word, or of words which are formed or sounded alượt thích, in such a way as to lớn juxtapose, connect, or bring out two or more of the possible applications of the word or words, usually in a humorous way; a play on words.


It"s usually hard to refrain from doing something, because this word is used lớn describe habits, lượt thích smoking, or uncontrollable urges, like laughing. The Latin word refrēnāre is formed from the prefix re- "back" plus frēnāre "to hold a horse bachồng with a bridle." There is a noun refrain, but that"s a different & unrelated word.


In literature, the word ‘setting’ is used to identify và establish the time, place và mood of the events of the story. It basically helps in establishing where & when và under what circumstances the story is taking place.


A soliloquy an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking khổng lồ himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious khổng lồ any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to lớn discchiến bại a character"s innermost thoughts)


Stanzas are the building blocks of formal poetry, lượt thích paragraphs in a story or verses in a tuy nhiên. They usually have the same number of lines each time, & often use a rhyming pattern that repeats with each new stanza.


A Story Arc (arc as in "over-arching storyline") is a sequence of series installments, TV episodes, comic issues, or a certain period of time in a Video trò chơi that puts characters through their paces in response lớn a single impetus; basically, an ongoing storyline.


In fiction, a subplot is a secondary strvà of the plot that is a supporting side story for any story or the main plot. Subplots may connect lớn main plots, in either time and place or in thematic significance. Subplots often involve sầu supporting characters, those besides the protagonist or antagonist.


A symbol is literary device that contains several layers of meaning, often concealed at first sight, và is representative of several other aspects, concepts or traits than those that are visible in the literal translation alone. Symbol is using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning.


Synopsis is a noun meaning summary. Instead of reciting every line of the Shakespearean play you were assigned khổng lồ read over the weekend, it might be more helpful for your classmates if you give them a synopsis of what happened.


Thesis statement focuses your ideas inlớn one or two sentences. It should present the topic of your paper và also make a bình luận about your position in relation to lớn the topic. Your thesis statement should tell your reader what the paper is about & also help guide your writing và keep your argument focused.


A travesty is a cheap mockery, usually of something or someone serious, such as a travesty of justice.


A literary trope is the use of figurative language – via word, phrase, or even an image – for artistic effect such as using a figure of speech. The word trope has also come lớn be used for describing commonly recurring literary và rhetorical devices, motifs or clichés in creative sầu works.

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