Metonymy examples and definition

Metonymy is the use of a linked term to stvà in for an object or concept. You’ll find of metonymy used frequently in both literature và everyday speech. You might use it yourself without even realizing it. Get a clear idea of the purpose of metonymy, how it differs from other literary devices and metonymy

* of Metonymy Crown

Purpose of Metonymy

As with other literary devices, one of the main purposes of metonymy is to add flavor to writing. Instead of saying, "These chicken wings, coleslaw & green beans are delicious," you could say, “This dish is delicious.” Now, you’ve avoided naming all the separate elements of the meal, breaking up some of the awkwardness & making the sentence more vibrant.

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Metonymy is also used because it’s a well-known characteristic of the concept. A famous example is, "The pen is mightier than the sword," from Edward Bulwer Lytton"s play Cardinal Richelieu. This sentence has two metonyms:

"Pen" stands for "the written word.""Sword" stands for "military aggression."

Metonyms are members of the figurative sầu language family, so they serve as colorful ways to take the ordinary & dress it up into something poetic or beautiful.

Metonymy A Stand-in for Other Words

Understanding the context of metonymy is important. Every time you hear the word “pen,” it’s not necessarily a stand-in for “the written word.” Sometimes, a pen is just a pen. Look for context clues in the sentence to lớn help you decide if the word is simply a word or a representation. These include both the metonymy and the possible object or concepts for which it could fill in, and example sentences khổng lồ further enhance your appreciation và understanding of metonymy.

crownin place of a royal personWe will swear loyalty to the crown.
The Nhà Trắng or The Oval Officeused in place of the President or White House staffThe White House will be making an announcement around noon.
suitsin place of businesspeopleIf we don’t get these reports in today, the suits will be after us.
heartkhổng lồ refer to lớn love sầu or emotionMy dear, you have sầu all of my heart.
dishfor an entire plate of foodThat fancy fish dish you made was the best of the evening.
Washingtonto lớn refer khổng lồ the U.S. governmentAfter the protests, maybe Washington will listen khổng lồ the voters.
the big housekhổng lồ refer to prisonMy brother was just released from the big house.
Silicon Valleyto lớn refer to lớn the tech industrySilinhỏ Valley is constantly pushing the boundaries in innovation.

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Hollywoodto lớn refer khổng lồ the film industryIt seems lượt thích people will bởi vì whatever Hollywood says is cool.
earsfor giving attention, listeningTell me about your first date. I’m all ears!
silver foxfor an attractive sầu older manYour older neighbor is quite the silver fox.
handfor helpCan you give sầu me a hand carrying this box up the stairs?
tongueused in place of languageI couldn’t underst& them, they spoke in their mother tongue.
brassused in place of high-ranking officialsLook lively, the top brass are coming for an audit today.
new bloodused in place of new people, fresh ideasThe team needs some new blood if it"s going lớn win next season.

Metonymy in Literature

Metonymy is used to lớn provide meaning and connections to lớn concepts. Writers often use it in this way, as well as to be more poetic or simply lớn make a long sentence more concise.

Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell

In this metonymy, Scarlett O’Hara is referring to the government & citizens of Georgia. By using “Georgia” instead of “Georgia’s government, politicians & all the voting citizens” provides brevity và color.

“I"m mighty glad Georgia waited till after Christmas before it secedes or it would have sầu ruined the Christmas parties.”

Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare

In William Shakespeare"s play, “ears” represent the ability to listen. Indeed, Shakespeare is not asking for everyone to lớn chop off their ears, but lớn pay attention.

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“Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;”

Ode to Nightingale by John Keats

You may need a few context clues here, but “vintage” is used as a metonymy for “wine.”

“O, for a draught of vintage!”

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain

tác giả Mark Twain was a lover of figurative sầu language. Many of his writings are wrapped in pretty illustrations. In this metonymy, “body” is a replacement for “person.”

"He said he reckoned a body could reform the old man with a shotgun, maybe, but he didn’t know no other way."

Metonymy vs. Synecdođậy vs. Metaphor

Cthua thảm relatives of metonymy are synecdobít and metaphors. In fact, some consider synecdobít lớn be a type of metonymy. Since you"ve sầu explored the metonymy definition, it"s time khổng lồ look at synecdođậy & metaphor và how the three are related. While metonymy replaces a concept or object entirely with a related term, synecdobịt takes an element of the object and uses it lớn refer to lớn the whole, and metaphor uses unlike things khổng lồ draw an interesting comparison.

Synecdođậy Defined

When people refer to lớn their car as their “wheels” that’s a synecdođậy. Wheels are a part of the car. Another term for a car is your “ride.” In this case, “ride” is a metonymy because it’s a related word that replaces the term entirely. Do you see the difference?

Metaphor Definition

While metaphors replace the ordinary with the more fanciful, they don’t replace one word with another. Rather, they compare one thing to something else, in order to make a point. For example, “My life is a train wreông xã,” is a metaphor for, “My life is a horrible mess.” So, while “wheels” is more fanciful than “car,” “train wreck” is also more fanciful than “horrible mess.”

A Colorful Element

Do you know how you"re not supposed khổng lồ judge a book by its cover? By the same token, you shouldn’t judge unfamiliar words by their syllables. Metonymy allows you to lớn make a closely related substitute khổng lồ add interest. As long as that substitute makes a logical connection, feel free khổng lồ dress up your writing with these colorful elements. You may find yourself joining the ranks of Mark Twain or William Shakespeare someday!

Chuyên mục: literature