Mexican fiction, latin american fiction, books

The world of Mexican literature is sometimes underrated in comparison lớn the literary strength of South America, which is dominated by authors like Gabriel García Márquez, Paulo Coelho & Isabel Allende. However, Mexican authors are a force to be reckoned with; with big-hitters like Octavio Paz & Juan Rulfo, as well as often lesser known poets lượt thích Rosario Castellanos, here’s our introduction lớn Mexican literature in 10 key texts.

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The unrivalled classic of Mexican literature, Juan Rulfo’s Pedro Páramo (1955) received a lukewarm reception upon its initial release, before becoming the critically acclaimed novel that it is today. Pedro Páramo, which details the journey of protagonist Juan Preciavì as he goes in search of his father following the death of his mother, is widely considered khổng lồ be based in the real Mexican town of Comala, Colima. Notable not just for its excellent plot but for being a pre-cursor to magical realism as a whole, this novel hugely influenced Gabriel García Márquez.


Another equally, and perhaps more globally, recognised Mexican novel is Como agua para chocolate (1989). A more developed example of magical realism than the above sầu text, Laura Esquivel’s debut novel follows Tita as she tries to unite with the love of her life, Pedro. However, due to lớn various familial interferences & complications, things don’t quite work out as planned. Cooking is a key factor throughout the text, and each chapter begins with a recipe. There is also a 1992 film based on the book.


A non-linear, short và semi-autobiographical novel by the author Nellie Campobello, who is incidentally perhaps better known as a ballet dancer who founded the Mexican National Ballet và directed the Mexican National School of Dance for a period. Cartucho (1931) is most important due to its status as one of the only female visions of the Mexican revolution, & its favourable presentation of Panmang đến Villa và his supporters. Critics even suggest the impact of Campobello’s accounts influenced later Mexican authors lượt thích Elemãng cầu Poniatowska & Juan Rulfo.


One of Mexico’s brightest contemporary talents, Valeria Luiselli has so far published three texts – Papeles falsos (2013) is a collection of essays, whereas Los ingrávidos (2012) và La historia de mis dientes (2015) are novels. Having been mentored by Mario Bellatín, the works of Luiselli are essential reading for anyone interested in the world of Mexican literature, contemporary or otherwise và her debut is arguably the best place to start. She’s widely translated inlớn other languages too.


Speaking of Bellatín, this Peruvian-Mexican writer is the author of another key Mexican text; Salón de belleza (1994). If you’re short on time, yet still want to lớn dive sầu into the world of Mexican literature, the haunting Salón de belleza is the place khổng lồ begin. In just 60 pages, Bellatín narrates a parable-lượt thích tale that ruminates elegantly on life, death và the ousting of the unwanted from the care of society. It also has, peculiarly, an intriguing focus on tropical fish which forms a core part of the novella’s message.

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A notable poet of the 20th century, forming part of the Generation of 1950, Rosario Castellanos also has both a cultural centre và a park in Mexiteo City named in her honour. Poemas (1953-1955) (1957) is a great starting point lớn get to know this poet, whose poem ‘Valium 10’ is widely considered as great a work as Sylvia Plath’s ‘Daddy’. She regularly wrote on feminist topics và despite her early death, left an impressive legacy that warrants her inclusion on our introduction lớn Mexican literature.

Mexican-American author Sandra Cisneros first published her seminal, brief text, The House on Mango Street, in English. Even so, it definitely ranks as one of the must-read books for a true introduction to the country’s literary heritage, written as it is by a Chicana và about Chicano culture. Based in Chicago, the birthplace of Cisneros herself, it’s a slight, coming-of-age story which follows the tale of Esperanza Cordero and is now regularly included on school syllabuses across the US.

Octavio Paz is almost certainly one of the first authors who comes lớn mind when you think of Mexican literature, so the inclusion of his essay El laberinto lớn de la soledad (1950) is practically a given. Easily his most famous text, despite his broad repertoire of essays, novels and literature, El laberinto lớn de la soledad primarily focuses on Mexican identity, honing in on particular events or traditions, such as the Revolution, the 1968 student massacre & the Day of the Dead. A stvà out element of this essay is Paz’s examination of the Mexican phrase la chingadomain authority.

Another author that wrote about the horrific events of 1968 was Elena Poniatowska, in her seminal text La noche de Tlatelolco (1971). In this text, the French-born Mexican author collated testimonies about what happened in the run-up khổng lồ the brutal killings in Mexiteo City, as well as provided eyewitness accounts of the actual events themselves. A holistic trương mục of the tragic và supposedly government ordered murders, it makes for essential, if unsettling, reading. Similarly, her 1988 text Nada, nadie. Las voces del temblor is equally important.

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Finally, the importance of Carlos Fuentes’ 1962 novel La muerte de Artemio Cruz cannot be underestimated. Not just considered one of Mexico’s seminal texts, but one of Latin America’s as a whole, La muerte de Artemio Cruz narrates the fictional accounts of protagonist Artemio Cruz’s experiences during the Mexican Revolution và the ultimately corrupting influence that power can have even over revolutionaries.

Chuyên mục: literature